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An overview of leg injuries

Leg injuries are one of the most commonly sustained personal injuries and we receive thousands of claims from people who have sustained leg injuries in accidents at work and sporting accidents every year. Leg injuries are most frequently suffered by those that play contact sports such as football.

According to the Department of Health, 68,805 of hospital episodes were for knee and lower leg injuries in England during 2002-03, 54% of which were male patients and 46% of which were female patients.

Leg injury types
Personal injuries to the legs such as cuts and bruises, dislocations and fractures, ligament and tendon injuries and strained and ruptured muscles may occur as a result of falls, direct blows or doing the same activity repeatedly. Overuse injuries include bursitis, stress fractures and shin splints. Below is some more information about shin splints and some other common leg injuries:

Shin splints - this isn't a specific injury but instead an umbrella term used for pain that occurs in the front of the lower leg along the tibia. Shin splits are usually overuse injuries caused by repeated jarring of the bones, muscles and joints while running or working out on hard surfaces.

Quadriceps pull or tear - the quadriceps are a group of four muscles in the anterior thigh which extend the leg while straightening the knee. Pulls or strains to the quadriceps are usually caused by a strength imbalance between the quadriceps and the hamstring. A minor pull or strain may be characterised by pain in front of the thigh while a more severe injury will cause sudden, acute pain as well as substantial swelling.

Hamstring strain - this personal injury is a tear to one of the hamstring muscles, which are located at the back of the thigh, and is often caused by overloading or overworking the muscles. These can range from a complete muscle rupture to a tiny tear which is unlikely to be noticed straight away and are especially common in sports involving sprinting.

Leg injury treatment
The majority of minor personal injuries to the legs can be treated at home but more serious injuries may need immediate medical attention. Treatments for leg injuries very much depend on the type and severity of the injury, when and where the injury occurred as well as the age and health condition of the patient. However, most of the treatments below may be used to treat the personal injuries described above:

Leg injury prevention

Leg injury compensation amounts

Amputations - Total loss of both legs
Where both legs are lost above the knee and particularly if near to the hip leaving one or both stumps less than adequate to accommodate a useful prosthesis - 132,500 to 155,000.

Below-knee amputation of both legs
There is a higher compensation award for both legs amputated just below the knee and a lower award for amputations lower down - 110,000 to 147,500.

Above-knee amputation of one leg
Depends on the level of amputation, severity of phantom pains, whether or not there have been any problems with a prosthesis and any side effects such as depression and back ache - 52,500 to 77,000.

Below-knee amputation of one leg
A traumatic amputation as a result of an accident, where the inured personal remained fully conscious or cases where attempts to save the leg led to numerous unsuccessful operations so that amputation occurred years after the event would justify an award towards the top of this bracket. A below-knee amputation with no complications would justify an award from the bottom of this bracket - 50,000 to 71,500.

Severe leg injuries - most serious injuries short of amputation
Extensive de-gloving of the leg, gross shortening of the leg or where fractures have not united and extensive bone grafting has been undertaken - 52,500 to 74,000.

Very serious
Injuries leading to permanent problems with mobility, the need for crutches for the remainder of the injured person's life, injuries where multiple fractures have taken years to heal and have led to serious deformity and limitation of movement or where arthritis has developed in a joint so that further surgical treatment is likely - 30,000 to 46,500.

Injuries to joints or ligaments resulting in instability, prolonged treatment, a lengthy period of non-weight bearing, the near certainty that arthritis will follow, injuries involving the hip, requiring arthrodesis or hip replacement and extensive scarring. To justify an award within this bracket a combination of such features will generally be necessary - 21,500 to 30,000.

Severe, complicated or multiple fractures. The amount awarded depends on the period of time taken off work, presence of risk of degenerative changes, imperfect union of fractures, muscle wasting, limited joint movements, instability in the knee, unsightly scarring or permanently increased vulnerability to future damage - 15,250 to 21,500.

Less serious leg injuries - fractures from which an incomplete recovery is made. Being left with a metal implant and/or defective gait, a limp, impaired mobility, sensory loss, discomfort or an exacerbation of a pre-existing disability - 10,000 to 15,250.

Simple fracture of a femur with no damage to articular surfaces - 5,000 to 7,750.

Simple fractures and soft tissue injuries
Fractures of the tibia or fibula from which a complete recovery has been made justify awards to the top end of this bracket. A variety of soft tissue injuries, lacerations, cuts, bruising or contusions, all of which have recovered completely or almost so and any residual disability is cosmetic or of minor nature justify awards below this level - Up to 5,000.

Making a ersonal injury claim today
Have you sustained a personal injury in an accident that wasn't your fault? You could make a personal injury claim for compensation with the help of The Claim Solicitors.

We are highly experienced at dealing with compensation claims of this kind and have a fantastic success rate.

We can help you to claim compensation for pain and suffering and also recover costs for lost earnings, any valuables damaged or lost at the time of your accident and medical expenses such as prescriptions.

We work on a no win, no fee basis. What this means is that, in the event your case is not successful, you won't be charged a penny. It means that making a claim is a completely risk free process - this lets you focus on getting better, not worrying about money.

To find out more about our cost-free personal injury compensation claim service just call 0800 197 32 32.