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An overview of knee injuries

The knee is the largest joint in the human body, made up of bone, cartilage, muscle, ligaments and tendons. The knee is placed between three bones: the tibia (shin bone), the femur (thigh bone) and patella (kneecap), making it particularly vulnerable to secondary personal injury.

As well as providing us with stability, the knee joint allows the flexibility needed for our legs to bend and straighten. As a result, a considerable amount of strain is put on the knee area and personal injury has serious implications, such as dramatically decreasing mobility.

Knee injury types
There are number of different knee injuries but some of the most common include:

Bursitis - inflammation of the fluid filled sack located near the knee joint, as a result of overuse, causing significant tenderness and swelling.

Cartilage injuries - a shard of cartilage may break off from the end of a bone and cause ongoing knee pain and stiffness. Alternatively, the cartilage may soften and cause the patella and thighbone to rub against one another, resulting in an intense ache, especially when walking uphill.

Fractures and patellar dislocations - a fracture is a cracked, broken or shattered bone whereas a dislocation occurs when the patellar is knocked off to the side of the knee joint. A dislocation usually requires a doctor to put it back in place. These are both extremely painful and will decrease mobility for a short while.

Meniscal tears - the extra pads of cartilage that help absorb the impact of body weight become torn, often together with a serious sprain. This is a common sports injury which causes fluid retention, tenderness and swelling to the front of the knee.

Patellar-femoral syndrome - inflammation on the underside of the kneecap, caused by the kneecap rubbing against the femur at the knee joint. Soreness around or under the kneecap can appear gradually.

Sprains and strains - a sprain is a stretched or torn ligament whereas a strain is a moderately torn muscle or tendon. Characteristics of a knee sprain include a popping sound in the knee at the time of injury, pain that comes from within the knee and an inability to put weight on the injured leg. Symptoms of a knee strain are similar to that of a sprain.

Tendonitis - a result of a tendon becoming irritated or inflamed and is often caused by overuse. Pain or tenderness may be experienced especially when walking, bending or extending the leg.

Knee injury diagnosis and treatment
Diagnosis of personal injuries to the knee may be diagnosed in the following ways:

Treatment for knee injuries depends on the type and severity of the injury. There are a number of recommendations that your doctor may make which include:

Knee injury prevention

Knee injury compensation amounts
The amount of compensation that you are awarded for a personal injury to the knee is dependent on the severity of the injury and the amount of disability that has been suffered:

Less serious injuries, lacerations, twisting or bruising to the knees. Those who experience full recovery are unlikely to receive more than 3,250. However, those that experience continuous aching or discomfort or occasional pain will be awarded more - up to 7,500.

A dislocation, torn cartilage or meniscus or an injury which aggravates symptoms of a pre-existing condition but which also causes minor instability, wasting, weakness or other mild disability in the future - 8,000 to 14,750.

Continuing symptoms of pain and discomfort, limitation of movement, instability or deformity with the risk that degenerative changes may occur in the long-term as a result of damage to the kneecap, ligamentous or miscal injury or muscular wasting - 14,750 to 23,500.

Leg fracture extending into knee joint which causes constant, permanent pain; limits mobility and agility and leaves the patient prone to osteoarthristis and the risk of arthroplasty - 28,500 to 38,000.

Disruption of the joint, gross ligamentous damage, lengthy treatment, severe pain and loss of function and an arthodesis or arthroplasty has taken place or is anticipated - 38,000 to 52,500.

Making a personal injury compensation claim
If you have suffered a personal injury and think that you may be entitled to make a compensation claim get in contact with The Claim Solicitors, the personal injury specialists, without delay.

We offer a no win, no fee service, which means that, if your claim is unsuccessful, you don't have to pay a penny. It means making a claim is a totally risk free process.

Just call 0800 197 32 32 to speak to one of our friendly claim advisors about making a no win no fee personal injury claim today.