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An overview of head injuries

Around one million people sustain personal injuries to their heads every year and seek treatment through the NHS. A head injury could range from a minor bump to a Traumatic Brain Injury and an estimated 12,000 people sustain severe head injuries such as this each year in the UK.

Road accidents, accounting for 40% to 50%, are the biggest cause of head injuries whereas domestic and industrial accidents account for 20% to 30%. Those that suffer severe head injuries may not be able to return to work for up to or even more than 5 years and may consider making a compensation claim against whoever was responsible for them sustaining the injury, such as the driver that caused the road accident or a negligent employer.

Head injury types

Closed head injury - this can occur when the head is hit with a blunt object, such as a baseball bat, and no open wound is visible. Even though the hard skull covers and protects the brain, the brain surface can be bruised if it is thrown against the rough sides of the skull. Closed head traumas can cause bleeding, swelling or fluid retention inside the head, put substantial pressure on the brain and even lead to brain damage.

Penetrative head injury - this is caused by an object, such as a bullet, breaking through the skull, exposing and damaging the brain. These head injuries are more likely to show physical evidence such as bleeding from the wound and a break in the skull.

Crush head injury - this results when the head is caught between two hard objects, such as a fallen tree and the road. This least common head injury often damages the base of the skull and nerves of the brain stem rather than the brain itself.

Head injury symptoms
It can take a few hours or days for symptoms to develop so those who have suffered a head injury must take care to seek medical attention if they start to experience any of the following:

Signs of the following, several hours after injury, could indicate a serious head injury, concussion or brain damage and an ambulance should be called, especially if consciousness is lost:

Head injury diagnosis
Your doctor will diagnose the type of injury that you have sustained with the help of the following information and procedures:

Head injury treatment
While those with serious head injuries should be admitted to hospital and treated by a medical professional, those with minor head injuries may benefit from the following treatments and advice:

Head injury compensation amounts

Very severe brain damage - 155,000 to 220,000
The level of award within this bracket is dependent on:

If a persistent vegetative state or death occurs very soon after the injury was sustained and the injured party has had no awareness of their condition, the award will be solely for loss of amenity and fall much lower.

Moderately severe brain damage - 120,000 to 155,000
The injured party is seriously disabled but the level of compensation is affected by:

Moderate brain damage
The injured party is disabled but their level of dependence is lower than that needed by those with moderately severe injuries.

Moderate to severe intellectual deficit, personality change, an effect on the sight, speech and senses with a significant risk of epilepsy and no prospect of employment - 82,000 to 120,000.

Moderate to modest intellectual deficit, the ability to work is greatly reduced if not removed and there is some risk of epilepsy (unless a provisional damages order provides for the risk) - 50,000 to 82,000.

Concentration and memory are affected, the ability to work is reduced, there is a small risk of epilepsy and dependence on others is limited - 23,500 to 50,000.

Minor brain damage- 8,500 to 23,500
The injured party has made a good (but not necessarily full) recovery. Concentration, memory and mood problems and a small chance of epilepsy may all be present. The level of compensation depends on:

Minor head injury - 1,250 to 7,000
Brain damage, if any, is minimal and the level of compensation award depends on:

Epilepsy compensation amounts
Epilepsy is one of the most serious knock-on effects of a head injury.

Established Grand Mal - 55,000 to 82,000

Established Petit Mal - 30,000 to 71,500
The level of compensation award is determined by:

Other epileptic conditions - 5,750 to 14,250
One or two discrete epileptic episodes or a temporary resurgence of epilepsy. The compensation amount is determined by the extent of any consequences of the attacks on education, sporting activities, working and social life.

Making a personal injury claim today
If you have suffered a head injury that wasn't your fault, be it a minor bump or a serious brain injury, then you may be entitled to claim personal injury compensation.

The Claim Solicitors consist of some of the finest personal injury law specialists in the UK and have an excellent no win no fee claim success rate.

If you would like free legal advice or would like to make a personal injury claim call 0800 197 32 32 without delay.