Types of personal injury
A personal injury can be either physical or psychological. Read more about what a personal injury is.
Below is an explanation of some of the personal injuries that our solicitors are most experienced at dealing with:
As the ankle supports the weight of the entire body it is of no surprise that around two million patients are treated for ankle strains, sprains and fractures every year. Slips and trips are common causes of ankle injuries and those that wear high heels or are overweight are at much higher risk.
Arm injuries are likely to occur as a result of everyday wear and tear and overuse. They are rife among professional sportsmen, musicians, shelf-stackers and office workers. Elbow injuries such as tendonitis, inflammation of the elbow caused by the repetitive motion of the joint, are very common.
This disease consists of scarring to the lungs as a result of inhaling asbestos fibres. Asbestosis usually occurs after long-term exposure to asbestos and is particularly common within industries such as mining. Symptoms include shortness of breath and it can increase risk of lung cancer and mesothelioma.
Around 80% of people suffer from lower back pains which are believed to be caused by inadequate strength and endurance of the back muscles. Long periods of standing, sitting, continuous bending and poor posture can all contribute to upper and lower back problems.
Chest injuries can occur as a result of penetrating the chest with a foreign object or as a result of a blunt trauma. This can then lead to chest wall injury which can bruise or fracture ribs and damage the internal organs. The impact of the chest against the steering wheel in a car crash can cause a blunt trauma.
Blunt traumas to the ear can result from an open handed slap that causes a sudden application of air pressure to the ear canal. A perforated ear drum is often the result of cleaning the ear out with cotton buds. Cauliflower ear is regularly suffered by those that play contact sports such as rugby. Industrial deafness and tinnitus can be caused by exposure to extremely loud sounds and is common amongst factory workers.
Eye injuries include bruising, eyelid lacerations and fractures of the orbit. Temporary blindness may be caused by a black eye or a minor corneal abrasion. Permanent blindness may be caused by having a foreign body embedded in your eye or chemical burns.
Foot injuries can range from strains and sprains to stress fractures or Raynaud's syndrome, a painful condition caused by poor circulation. With strains, sprains and fractures it is advisable to get as much rest as possible, keeping your weight of the foot. Also, apply ice to the foot at intervals of 30 minutes on, 30 minutes off, for the first two days. This will keep swelling and bruising to a minimum.
Common hand and finger injuries include trigger finger, vibration white finger, ulnar collateral ligament of the thumb (gamekeeper's thumb) finger sprains and dislocations, all of which can impair movement and restrict you from completing simple tasks.
Head injuries range from minor open head wounds such as cuts and abrasions on the scalp to serious closed head injuries. Closed head injuries are a result of a sudden impact to the head by a blunt instrument which can slam the brain against the skull and cause brain damage but show no signs of injury on the outside.
Hip injuries include bursitis; an inflammation of the bursa over the outside of the hip joint, hip arthritis which regularly suffered by older people, stress fractures and muscle strains which are common among athletes and traumatic hip subluxation and dislocation which can occur as the result of a high speed car crash.
The knee is the largest joint in the body which provides stability and flexibility and allows your legs to bend and straighten. As a result, much strain is put on the knee area. Common knee injuries include sprains, strains, tendonitis, meniscal tears, fractures, dislocations, cartilage injuries, bursitis and repetitive stress disorders such as Osgood-Schlatter disease.
Leg injuries can range from minor muscle sprains and strains to more serious stress fractures and breaks that can leave you disabled. Achilles Tendonitis is a chronic injury that occurs gradually over time as a result of overuse. The pain usually progresses to the point where any exercise is painful and has to be avoided. Cyclists that have been involved in a cycle accident may suffer from 'road rash'; abrasions that cause a great deal of pain due to the exposure of nerve endings.
Common types of neck injury include muscle spasms that can be caused by sitting at a desk for a long time, muscle strains caused by overuse or excessive tension such as lifting heavy weights and fractures which could lead to paralysis.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Depression and anxiety disorders are common following a trauma such as a road accident. Factors that increase your chances of experiencing post traumatic stress include displaying an inability to deal with past traumatic events, a presence of mental health problems such as depression prior to the accident or a lack of support from family and friends.
This generally refers to the inability to cope with everyday life, work and social situations and affects social and familial relationships. This could be the result of a traumatic incident, stress or bullying.
The shoulder has a more extensive range of movement than any other joint in the body, thus increasing the likelihood for injury. Shoulder injuries are divided into two groups: instability and impingement. Instability refers to shoulder injuries where the shoulder joints are forced out of their normal position while impingement is caused by excessive rubbing of the rotator cuff and the top part of your shoulder blade. This is common among swimmers and tennis players.
Spinal cord injury
This is injury to the nerves of the spinal canal, often associated with trauma to the spinal column, and can result in loss of sensation and mobility autonomic dysfunction and bladder/bowel dysfunction.
A soft tissue injury that involves stretching of the muscles, ligaments and joints in the neck area caused by the sudden jerking motion of the head as a result of rapid acceleration and deceleration. Mild pain may last a few days whereas more serious whiplash injuries can cause pain and discomfort for several months.
The wrist is prone to strains and sprains to the ligaments and fractures or breaks to one or more of its bones. Again, wrist injuries are usually a result of overuse. Carpel tunnel syndrome, repetitive strain injury and arthritis are often identified in the wrist area.